Kenneth L. Mattox, M.D., is one of the most recognized surgeons in America. He is Distinguished Service Professor of the Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery at Baylor College of Medicine and Chief of Staff/Chief of Surgery at the Ben Taub General Hospital, Houston, Texas. He is Councilro of the World Society for Cardiothoracic Trauma and Associate Editor of its official Journal (the Journal of Cardiothoracic Trauma). He helped develop the internationally renowned Ben Taub General Hospital Emergency Center and its equally respected Trauma Center. His reputation as an innovator in trauma care is worldwide. He has made original and significant contributions in trauma resuscitation, trauma systems, thoracic trauma, vascular injury, autotransfusion, complex abdominal trauma and multi-system trauma. The “Mattox Maneuver” for abdominal aortic injury was used internationally in years past. His textbook, Trauma, is an international best seller now in its seventh edition. He is co-editor of the Sabiston Textbook of Surgery, now in its 19 edition and recognized throughout the world. Additionally, he has co-authored a unique international best seller, Top Knife, which is a practical guide to trauma care, now in its third printing, and translated into eight foreign languages. He frequently receives emails from physicians in war zones who refer to this “little book” as their Bible in the OR. Doctor Mattox is equally adept in the emergency center, operating room, intensive care unit, conference room, courtroom and political arena. Clinician, technician, administrator, educator, researcher, medical statesman and iconoclast equally describe this versatile and controversial surgeon.